Incompatibility rails 5.2 and mail gem: ArgumentError (:arguments expected to be an Array of individual string args)

After an innocent gem security update, suddenly my application didn't mail anymore. :S
The following crash happend when the rails application tried to send an e-mail.

Error performing ActionMailer::DeliveryJob (Job ID: xxx) from Async(mailers) in 17.17ms: ArgumentError (:arguments expected to be an Array of individual string args):
gems/mail-2.8.0/lib/mail/network/delivery_methods/sendmail.rb:53:in `initialize'
gems/mail-2.8.0/lib/mail/message.rb:278:in `new'
gems/mail-2.8.0/lib/mail/message.rb:278:in `delivery_method'
gems/actionmailer- `wrap_delivery_behavior'
gems/actionmailer- `wrap_delivery_behavior!'
gems/actionmailer- `mail'

After digging deeper in the exception trace and git diff, I figured out the mail gem was upgraded from 2.7.1 to 2.8.0.

The sendmail default sendmail arguments configuration value given by actionmailer is "-i". Which was fine for the older mail gem.

The new gem requires this to be an list of strings.
You can downgrade this OR use the following workaround in your environment file (config/environments/production.rb)

 config.action_mailer.sendmail_settings = {
   location:  "/usr/sbin/sendmail", arguments: ["-i"] 

Btw: It's a known issue and probably resolved in the next 2.8.1 release (

PHP fastcgi logging with woo-commerce / WordPress

We have a synchronisation script running with the REST API from WooCommerce. This script is running for years. But suddenly it received gateway errrors

In the /var/log/nginx/error.log, the following error messages appeared

2022/08/03 22:41:19 [error] 1233#33321: *323108 upstream sent too big header while reading response header from upstream, client:, server:, request: "POST /wp-json/wc/v3/products/1234/variations/batch HTTP/1.1", upstream: "fastcgi://unix:/tmp/", host: ""

It seems PHP is sending debug information over the FASTCGI headers.
This isn't desirable.

To fix it, disable it in php.ini. (it's on by default. WHY!?)

fastcgi.logging = 0

Btw. these errors/warnings are from low quality wordpress-plugins. (which cannot be replaced directly)

Security Update Rails (CVE-2022-32224)

Updating rails with the secrurity update CVE-2022-32224, "Possible RCE escalation bug with Serialized Columns in Active Record".
can cause troubles in rails projects. (I had several project that has issues with this fix).

The main change is that the YAML loader is using safe_load to parse the string. Most classes aren't supported anymore.
Several essential classes have been removed.

To support my Spree Commerce rails projects, I've had to add the following initializer.

ActiveRecord::Base.yaml_column_permitted_classes += [BigDecimal, Symbol]

Other projects requried the HasWithIndifferentAccess

ActiveRecord::Base.yaml_column_permitted_classes += [ ActiveSupport::HashWithIndifferentAccess]

Please try to keep the number of supported classes.
I personally prefer to use JSON for new projects. Because it's simple and clean.

Derailed benchmark not running on production environment

We're running a large rails application, with a lot of request.
Since our upgrade to FreeBSD 13 the live environment is leaking memory in our ruby on rails app.
(FreeBSD 12 version of the jail didn't leak)

This application uses an NFS mount to store (a lot) of client specific files.

Running derailed_benchmark live didn't work. (Pressing ctrl+t, I noticed there were a lof of NFS locks)

In the file

it adds '.' to the loadpath. Which causes the production environment to complete iterate over all directories. Which 'hangs', because we have a very big active-strorage directory.

Workaround is to remove the '.' file

#    %W{ . lib test config }.each do |file|
    %W{ lib test config }.each do |file|
      $LOAD_PATH << File.expand_path(file)

Ruby rbtrace ArgumentError: command is too long

(This code blow requires you to include rbtrace in your gems)

To make a stack dump of your running rubyprocess, you could use somthing like this:

bundle exec rbtrace -p $my_pid -e '{GC.start;require "objspace";"/tmp/ruby-heap.dump", "w"); ObjectSpace.dump_all(output: io); io.close}'

Unfortunately on FreeBSD / Mac OS X this results in (ArgumentError: command is too long)

A workaround for this, is to simply put the code in ruby file, and just load it. For example:
/tmp/rbcode.rb. With the following content{GC.start;require "objspace";"/tmp/ruby-heap.dump", "w"); ObjectSpace.dump_all(output: io); io.close}

Next you can use rbtrace lik this:

bundle exec rbtrace -p $my_pid -e 'load("/tmp/rbcode.rb")'